Legacy of Conservation

The Bubye Valley Conservancy is one of the most amazing conservation successes of recent times. Up until the ’90s this former cattle ranching area had systematically eradicated wildlife for competing with, transmitting disease to, and preying on the livestock. However, BVC is now dedicated to conservation; and since its formation only 20 years ago, currently boasts one of the world’s largest black rhino populations, Zimbabwe’s largest lion population, and a flourishing elephant population.

The 3,740 km2 conservancy (larger than the King Ranch in Texas) is situated in the lowveld region of southern Zimbabwe. This is one of the hottest and driest areas of Zimbabwe, with summer temperatures regularly exceeding 40 degrees C. Mean annual rainfall recorded over the last 45 years is just 347 mm, and the area is therefore not suitable for agriculture. Although the annual rainfall is low, BVC represents a high nutrient ecosystem that supports large numbers of medium sized herbivores, particularly blue wildebeest and zebra, and as a result, high densities of predators can potentially be sustained.


The Bubye Valley Conservancy; the wildlife at Chamakundawa

Lion Conservation Research

Since lions Panthera leo were re-introduced to BVC in 1999 the population has grown rapidly. Today BVC is home to approximately 20% of Zimbabwe’s lions. This is not just the largest continuous population of lion in Zimbabwe but also the densest. Due to the importance of this population for the species’ conservation, and the unique management challenges associated with a large fenced population of lion, a long-term conservation research project was established in 2009.


The BVC lion research project Cruiser – kindly donated by Harris Junell

Seventeen lions were initially introduced to BVC in 1999. Ten years later, in 2009, when carnivore population surveys were initiated, the lion abundance was estimated to be at around 280 individuals. It has continued to grow. Today there are estimated to be in excess of 400 lions on BVC, which is the largest population in the country.

For more information, see the Research page

Rhino Conservation

Black rhinos Diceros bicornis were first introduced to BVC in 2002, and the population growth rate was accelerated by continual translocations from other areas that were unable to protect their rhino populations as poaching escalated during the mid 2000’s.


Sabi; Mazunga’s bully-boy!

In the face of the renewed rhino-poaching onslaught in Zimbabwe, only the big privately owned conservancies are able to maintain positive rhino population growth rates.

For more information, see the Anti-Poaching page

The Bubye Valley Conservancy

Videos courtesy of The Osprey Filming Company – “Capturing the Spirit of Adventure“:


Our global impact: Click on this link to listen to the BBC interview with Bubye Valley Conservancy’s General Manager, Blondie Leathem, regarding successful conservation in modern Africa…

Come see for yourself…

If you would like to book a safari at the Bubye Valley Conservancy, please contact one of the following operators representing Tracy Safari Adventures, a registered booking agent:

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+ + + Pete Fick: +

+ + + Martin Nel: +

+ + + John Sharp: +

+ + + Nigel Theisen: +

+ + + Brent Hein: +

+ + + Shaun Buffee: +

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Contact Tracy at:

The Bubye Valley Conservancy and Mazunga Safaris are members of the Safari Operators Association of Zimbabwe (SOAZ)